| ||  || |
If you encounter problems the engine temperature starts to climb whenever you are driving slowly or stuck in a queue on a hot day, but everything is fine as long as you drive along the roads - then your viscous fan clutch needs to be replaced.
The purpose of the viscous fan clutch is to act as a clutch and grab hold of the fan blades and get them spinning whenever the engine is getting too hot.
When you are standing still there is no air passing through the radiator to help it to cool down. Therefor you have the fan blades to create airflow through the radiator. It's attached to the water pump using a visvous clutch mechanism for two reasons; the first is to only let the fan blades rotate at low rpm's (otherwise the fan blades would rotate too fast and basically explode due to too high centrifugal forces) and the other is to let the fan blades rotate faster when the engine gets hotter.
Tools, Skills And Parts
The job is very easy to perform and does not require any kind of special tools.
The following tools are required for this particular work (tools marked with green checkmark are optional).
The following spare parts are required for this particular work (parts marked with green checkmark are optional). Note that the BMW internal numbers are intended for a BMW 535i E34 -89.
Removing The Viscous Clutch
It's usually easier to remove the fan shroud together with the fan and clutch but it's not absolutely necessary - at least not on a 535i E34. I've tried both approaches but it's very little room to manouver the fan and clutch and you should be careful not to damage the fins on the radiator.
Engine bay of a 535i E34. The two plastic rivets holding the fan shroud in place are encircled.
If you decice to remove the fan shroud, it's held in place with two plastic rivets (see picture). Push out the middle pin a bit using a small flat-blade screwdriver on the other side (see picture) and then simply pull out the middle pin with any suitable tool. Then just pull out the other half of the rivet, it consists of two parts (see picture).
Push out the middle pin a bit by pushing it from the other side.
The plastic rivets consits of two parts, and they are reusable.
Now you should remove the clutch from the water pump. It's attached with a 32 mm nut that is left-hand threaded! Use a 32 mm open-end wrench and hit it with a hammer a few times (as seen in the picture) and the nut will come loose.
Spin the fan off and lift fan, clutch and fan shroud straight up. Or if you didn't remove the fan shroud, jiggle the fan and clutch up between the fan shroud and the engine.
Use an open-end 32 mm wrench and a hammer to remove the nut.
Swapping The The Viscous Clutch
Now the package consisting of the fan and the clutch has been removed. The clutch on the 535i E34 is attached using three 5 mm Allen key bolts. Note that there exist at least four different types of clutches for the E34 series, so make sure you get the right one!
The viscous clutch is attached to the fan blades with three 5 mm Allen key bolts.
Attaching the new viscous clutch is easy. Just remember to mount it correctly. The inner part of the fan blades with the small ridges should be on the same side as the viscous clutch, as seen on the picture. Don't overtighten these small bolts, they should only be torqued with 10 Nm which isn't much. To ease any future dissassembling, dab a very small amount of anti-seize compound, like Loctite 8009 or similar, on the bolt threads.
The inner part of the fan blades with the small ridges should be on the same side as the viscous clutch.
Installing The The Viscous Clutch
Installing is exactly as removing, just in reverse. Before installation, make a visual check of the fan blades for any damage, cracks or even broken blades. A broken blade will cause the entire package to be unbalanced and will cause surprisingly large vibrations on especially lower rpm's.
Fan with a new viscous clutch ready to be installed.